It all began during some downtime while loading furniture with the refugee move-in crew at the Vermont Refugee Resettlement Program’s warehouse.  A young Nepali guy had seen me pull up in my car and overheard that we’re heading to Burlington’s Old North End neighborhood which was also his neighborhood.  Continue reading

World Refugee Day- being the church to our neighbors

This past Sunday our Burlington City Church Home Fellowships partnered with the Vermont Refugee Resettlement Program for World Refugee Day.  Most Sundays we meet in homes for a focused time of worshiping together which usually includes singing, sharing stories of God’s activity, praying for each other, teaching from the scriptures, and often taking communion.  It’s still very easy to get in the mode of “going to church” Continue reading

Engaging Culture With The Gospel

You may not know this, but I have an affinity (possibly an addiction) for venn diagrams.  For some reason these circles- along with various other shapes, lines, and arrows-help me process ideas.  Below I’ve copied some thoughts I’ve been having over the past few years concerning how to best engage our culture and communities with the gospel.  Naturally, it requires a venn diagram.  I’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback.

Continue reading

Barriers to Missional Living

This past Saturday I heard a message from Aaron Coe, vice president of mobilization  for the North American Mission Board, that I found very relevant to our work as church-planters and those seeking to live out the message of Jesus.  Before you read this, it’s important for you to know that Aaron is speaking from experience as a former church-planter and pastor of the Gallery Church in NY City.   Continue reading


My good friend Michael Ly gave an insightful and challenging talk at the Lumens conference concerning peacemaking between Christians and Muslims.  I believe it’s incredibly relevant to our work here in Burlington.  I’d love to hear your thoughts.

Going Global in VT!

As I’ve mentioned before, one of the things I love about Burlington is that we have a growing community of 5000 refugees just blocks away.  Every week I pass people from Somalia, Burundi, Iraq, Vietnam, and we even had dinner with a Nepali family tonight.  Over the years as I’ve been moved by the scriptures to take the good news of Jesus  to the nations, I never imagined it happening in pasty white VT.

This Sunday, following our third  weekly Home Fellowship, we’re hosting a brainstorming & planning meeting with others who are interested in teaching English to Somalis.  God has connected us with a Christian family living in an apartment community where many Somalis reside- this family has been praying for quite a while about starting an ESL program but lacked the volunteers.  Now God has put all the pieces in place.

Please pray…

*Pray that God will give us incredible wisdom concerning our game-plan for teaching English- especially since many of the Somalis are illiterate in their native language.

*Pray that God will enable us to overcome the language barrier, cultural barriers, and the Muslim-Christian barrier so that we may develop meaningful relationships.

* Pray for Christin and I as we continue serving as “family friends” to a Nepali/Bhutanese family through theVermont Refugee Resettlement Program. Relationships are forming quickly.

*We’re planning a middles school basketball camp focusing on refugee families  with the help of Valleydale Church.  Pray for favor with the Catholic Diocese as we’re seeking permission to use a closed Catholic school in Burlington’s Old North End.

*Pray for God to draw others to our Home Fellowship- seekers and cynics.  Ask God to make this group a spiritual family where people can see Jesus living through us and be drawn to know Him.

*Pray that God will send more workers for the harvest.  Specifically as God to raise up more spiritual leaders from within the community and lead others to transplant their lives here.



Toxic Gospel?

O.K. I’m sure if you read other Christian blogs, you are Rob Belled out by now.  The main reason I’m even doing a post concerning his book “Love Wins” is because some of you have asked my opinion and even offered me copies of the book.  Well,  I finally finished the book late Sunday night.  It has proven to be an interesting, challenging, and controversial read to say the least. One of my biggest surprises was realizing that I’ve “hijacked” Jesus’ story  and  shared a message that is “misguided, toxic, and ultimately subverts the spread of Jesus’ message.”   Who knew I was guilty of sharing a toxic form of Christianity?  Anyway, before I share anything else, though, I want to share a few disclaimers:

1) I am not a Bell hater who has been looking for the right opportunity to slam him.  Actually the opposite is true.  In 2003 I heard Bell speak at a Youth Specialties conference and was an instant fan.  Since then, I’ve used and recommended his Nooma video series and followed his ministry.  At least a couple of times I’ve heard rumblings from academia that he plays loose with historic facts, but I’ve generally liked his creativity, the questions he’s asked, and the way he’s challenged my assumptions.

2) I’m 100% committed to Christian unity. Anyone who’s knows me or has served with me already knows that I’m all about bringing churches and ministries together across denominational lines for the sake of serving the community, sharing the gospel, and impacting the world.  This unity, though, is often rooted in a common commitment to the exclusivity of Jesus, the essentials of scripture, and God’s mission to this world.

3) This post is just my opinion. Many of you are reading this blog because for some crazy reason my opinion matters to you.  Others of you wish I’d keep my opinion to myself.  Either way, although I’ve endorsed Bell to some of you in the past and shown a clear commitment to unity, this time my opinion may prove to be divisive.  Realistically, unity in the church is dependent on a commitment commitment to Jesus and a shared set of beliefs and values.  Sometimes those beliefs unify us and sometimes they divide us.

4) Bell asks important questions. He asks the questions that cynics, seekers, and especially disenchanted young evangelicals are already asking: Has God created billions of people over thousands of years only to select a few to go to heaven and everyone else to suffer forever in hell? Is this acceptable to God? How is this “good news”? He’s not only addressing the questions being asked, but  he’s also exposing a growing fault line dividing young evangelicals between more theologically liberal and more theologically conservative camps.  Even if I disagree with his conclusions, this book is forcing evangelical leaders to communicate what they believe and address foundational themes of the gospel.  As I stated in an earlier post, one of the main reasons I’ve been concerned about the book is that I’ve left some big blanks for Bell to fill in concerning eternity, hell, and God’s wrath.

5) This book is not about a conversation. Bell has repeatedly said in interviews that through this book he’s simply entering the conversation in the wide stream of Orthodox Christianity.  Yet in the preface Bell makes it clear that he’s written this book because “Jesus’ story has been hijacked” and that those who believe in the traditional view of hell share a message which is “misguided, toxic, and ultimately subverts the spread of Jesus’ message.”  Now for any of you married guys out there, imagine sitting down with your wife, telling her you want to simply have a conversation with her, and beginning this conversation with terms like hijacked, misguided, toxic, and subversive.  How long do you think that would stay a conversation?  Obviously, others have taken the bait and entered the type of conversation we often refer to as an argument.  I know it will probably never happen, but I’d love to see a roundtable discussion with Bell, N.T. Wright, Tim Keller, and John Piper addressing these issues.

Now that I’ve made the disclaimers, I have to say a lot disappoints me about this book.  He plays loose with historical facts, and he’s even worse with the scriptures.  I don’t want to give a page by page breakdown but two great posts on these subjects are on blogs by  Kevin DeYoung and The Aquila Report.


1) An eternal hell vs. temporal hell. Bell has traded in the traditional view of an eternal hell and redefined it as time of pruning… an intense experience of correction… for a particular period of time (pp. 91-92).  At the heart of this perspective is the belief that given enough time, everybody will turn to God and find themselves in the joy and peace of God’s presence.  The love of God will melt every hard heart, and even the most “depraved sinners” will give up their resistance to and turn to God (p. 107).

He makes a pretty good point that the Greek word aion which is translated as eternal or everlasting can also refer to “a period of time.”  He uses this to make a point that hell could have an end to it.  The problem is that the same Greek word is used for eternal life in the positive sense (like heaven).  So if you apply the same logic to both, what does that mean for eternal life?  Either way, according to Bell, the Bible leaves space for some type of post-mortem repentance and redemption.  If Bell were correct, that’s a HUGE part of the good news for the Bible to leave out.

2) A God of wrath (or judgement) vs. God of love. One of my biggest disappointments is how Bell essentially says you have an either/or proposition when it comes to God’s love and God’s wrath.  Bell heavily implies that either He’s a loving God or a wrathful God, but He could not possibly be both:

Is God our friend, our provider our protector–or is God the kind of judge who may in the end declare that we deserve to spend forever separated from our Father? (p. 102)

If your God is loving one second and cruel the next, if your God will punish people for all of eternity for sins committed in a few short years, no amount of clever marketing or compelling language or good music or great coffee will be able to disguise that one true, glaring, untenable, unacceptable, awful reality. (p. 175)

Well I have a couple of problems with his line of thinking

  1. Pretending as if God does not have a wrathful side is not being honest about the story we see in scripture.  Anyone beginning in Genesis will quickly come to the story of Noah and the flood.  Fast forward to the last book of the Bible, and in Revelation 19 we see Jesus on a white horse and a sword coming out of his mouth.  He’s about to open the can.   Even in the famously quoted John 3 we see the two working together.  What do you think happens if you tell a cynic, seeker, or struggling Christian that God does not have a wrathful side, and they read one of these sections of scripture? Either they question your credibility or the credibility of scripture.
  2. Pretending that we have to choose between God’s love and God’s wrath denies that the two often work hand in hand.  It’s not as if God is scizophrenic and switching back and forth between His loving and wrathful personalities.  Even as humans we can understand how love can move us towards wrath. Exhibit A: I’m only 5ft 8 but if you mess with my wife or kid, you will encounter some serious wrath- because I love them.  In the above mentioned scriptures we see a God who loves, a God who is grieved, a God who is moved by justice, and a God who punishes- all the same God.

3) An exclusive gospel vs. an inclusive gospel. Bell states, There is exclusivity… there is inclusivity… Then there is exclusivity on the other side of inclusivity.  This kind insists that Jesus is hte way, but holds tightly to the assumption that the all-embracing, saving love of this particular Jesus the Christ will of course include all sorts of unexpected people from across the cultural spectrum.  As soon as the door is opened to Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, and Baptists from Cleveland, many Christians become very uneasy, saying that Jesus doesn’t matter anymore, the cross is irrelevant, it doesn’t matter what you believe, and so forth… What Jesus does is declare that he, and he alone, is saving everybody. Yes he means everybody- he is saying he believes everyone makes it.

Of course he does not address Jesus’ parables that seem to point to some level of exclusivity or a myriad of other scriptures:

wheat & the weeds- Matthew 13:24-30, 36-43
the wedding feast- Matthew 22:1-14
ten virgins- Matthew 25:1-13
talents & faithful servants- Matthew 25:14-30
separating goats & sheep- Matthew 25:31-46
ready servants- Luke 12:35-48
rich man & Lazarus- Luke 16:19-31


As I read “Love Wins” I could not help but think that many of the “toxic” aspects of the “traditional” gospel message happen to be the parts that our Western middle-class culture finds offensive.  The problem is that the gospel will offend every culture in some way yet different ways.  Cultures actually exist where an all inclusive and a wrath free God could prove to be equally toxic.  Although I’m 100% sold on cultural relevance and cultural sensitivity, if we begin removing the offenses of the gospel, what we have is an anemic version of the real thing.

I believe one the dangers with many of the similar modern theologies and spiritual theories is that they are being tested in blogosphere, the publishers house, on the stage, occasionally in the class room, but rarely on the battlefield of real ministry and spiritual warfare.  Jesus taught his disciples in the midst of doing ministry in the dangerous mess of this world- the arena where true testing is done.  In the Western world, we’ve achieved a relatively comfortable, persecution free existence, and if we’re not careful we’ll begin to believe that is exactly what we deserve.

On a very pragmatic level, I wonder what Bell thinks about the way the gospel is exploding in areas like China, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa.  I wonder what he thinks about movements of the past including the Great Awakenings of early America and the great revival in South Korea this past century.  The “toxic” gospel being proclaimed throughout these movements has included God’s love and God’s wrath, a literal heaven and a literal eternal hell, an exclusive Savior, and central to it all has been a blood soaked cross.   Shouldn’t someone get on a plane and fly to China or Nigeria or Peru and stop this before it’s too late, before they’re all infected with this toxic message?  Or could it be their turn to send messengers this way to remind of us of an eternal message that may not taste so good to the middle-class American palate?


Other blogs worth checking out on this:


Hell, Rob Bell… and me

Even living in Burlington, VT, I cannot escape the great debate in the blogosphere concerning Rob Bell’s new book Love Wins. I’m doing my best to reserve any judgement on the book until I have opportunity to read it, but I have to admit that his promo video…

and his publisher’s synopsis

Now, in Love Wins: Heaven, Hell, and the Fate of Every Person Who Ever Lived, Bell addresses one of the most controversial issues of faith—the afterlife—arguing that a loving God would never sentence human souls to eternal suffering.

do concern me a little. The big question I’ve been wrestling with since getting these brief previews of the book is why does it bother me so much? Realistically, he’s not addressing new questions that have not been debated in previous generations.  He’s not asking questions that I have not struggled with in my own faith journey.  I’m not worried about this book shaking the foundations of my faith.  So again, why am I bothered?

My initial compulsion is to open fire on Rob Bell because I believe he tends to muddy the theological waters quite a bit rather than bring clarity to controversial issues. Realistically, though, he is answering the questions that both seekers and cynics are asking.  I may in the end disagree with his conclusions regarding hell, eternal suffering, and the wrath of God.  But the real reason I am bothered, though, is that the questions he’s asking and the conclusions he’s reaching bring to light that I have not addressed these topics sufficiently as either a Jesus-follower or pastor.  I recently realized that during the six year period of planting a church and pastoring in NJ, I explicitly taught on these challenging topics in passing only a few times.  If anything, in my desire to make the gospel more palatable, I’ve left some pretty big blanks for Rob to fill in.  I’m bothered because I realize I’ve often left out a significant part of the beauty of the gospel.

As I’ve been reflecting and wrestling with this issue, I listend to past podcast (dated 1/28/10) from Tim Keller yesterday evening.  He closes his sermon on Hell with this statement:

You do not know how much Jesus loves you unless you know how much he suffered. What did he suffer on the cross? I think of David Martyn Lloyd-Jones’ sermon illustration that has helped me for years. He said I should imagine that a friend comes to see me and says, “Hey, I was at your house the other day and a bill came due. You weren’t there, so I paid it.” How should I respond? The answer is I have no idea how to respond until I know how big the bill was. Was it just a postage charge? Twenty cents or so? If so, you would say, “Thank you.”But what if it was ten years of back taxes? What if it was an enormous debt? As Lloyd-Jones says, “Until I know how much he paid, I don’t know whether to shake his hand or fall down on the ground and kiss his feet.” This is why I believe that hell is crucial for knowing the love of God.

If you’d like to read more, Tim Keller has a few articles on hell which I’ve found insightful and challenging: